What does the Hippocratic Oath reveal about the ethics of ancient medical practitioners? What were the tensions between religious and "rational" models of disease and healing in Greece and Rome? How was the female body interpreted by male medical writers? In this course, students will investigate ancient approaches to illness and health, focusing on sources such as Homer, Hesiod, the Hippocratic writers, Herophilus, Pliny, Celsus, the New Testament, Soranus, and Galen. Moving from archaic and classical Greece to Hellenistic Alexandria to imperial Rome and late-antique Egypt, we will trace the development, organization, and influence of ancient medical thought and practice.